FIG. 3: An illustration of the icosahedron neckpinch geometry for nine cross-sectional icosahedra (top), and its dual dodecahedral lattice (bottom). The lattice is composed of triangle-based frustum blocks, and the dual lattice is composed of pentagonal-based frustum blocks. The expressions for the sectional, scalar, and Ricci curvature uses the dual lattice with its dodecahedral cross sections.

FIG. 3: An illustration of the icosahedron neckpinch geometry for nine cross-sectional icosahedra (top), and its dual dodecahedral lattice (bottom). The lattice is composed of triangle-based frustum blocks, and the dual lattice is composed of
pentagonal-based frustum blocks. The expressions for the sectional, scalar, and Ricci curvature uses the dual lattice with its
dodecahedral cross sections.