FIG. 5. Glycerol thinning image sequence and break-up length visualization for three cases

FIG. 5. Glycerol thinning image sequence and break-up length visualization for three cases. (a) Glycerol thinning is shown through a sequence of snapshots with a time step
∆t = 5 ms and reveals quite different dynamics compared to previously seen for low viscosity fluids. The length of a filament changes significantly when the glycerol content
increases above 70 wt. %. (b) Final lengths of the simulated liquid filaments before pinch-off for three cases of glycerol + water mixtures (0 wt. %, 70 wt. %, and 100 wt. %).