Porosity is a common but serious casting defect. One type of porosity is a result of core gas that has evolved and been trapped in the casting during solidification. In order to reduce or eliminate core gas related defects, detailed information regarding the core gas generation, flow, and venting in the core, and the metal flow and solidification behavior in the mold is needed. In this paper, numerical simulations are conducted based on a prototype design, which is a steel casting part from Caterpillar. The core gas in the core and the porosity defects in the casting are analyzed and discussed, and then compared with the real casting results. Using simulations to determine porosity defects can help in optimizing the design.

Keywords: Porosity, Core Gas Defects, Steel Castings, Numerical Simulation, PUCB