Dissolution of salt in liquid is of interest in several applications – from solution mining to food processing to medical applications. This article describes a new model in FLOW-3D1 version 10.0 for dissolving salt in fluids and tracking the solute in the brine.
The dissolution of salt increases the density of the fluid and thus may affect the flow. In addition, as salt is dissolved, the flow domain increases. It is of interest, therefore, to predict these changes in the flow as well as the transport of the dissolved salt in the fluid.
The model accounts for the basic physical phenomena, such as mass transfer at the interface between salt and fluid, the change of volume and shape of the solid salt, diffusion and convection of dissolved salt in fluid and, finally, the change in fluid density, viscosity and surface tension coefficient.